An optical fiber or fiber optic cable is a flexible, transparent glass fiber, which is used to transmit light between two ends of the aerial fiber cable.
In addition, this helps find wide use in fiber-optic communications, as they can transmit at a higher bandwidth (data rate) than conventional wire cables. Should I use optical fiber cables in my network? What are the advantages of optical fiber?
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Advantages of Optical Fiber Cable
Fiber optic cables offer much greater bandwidth than metal cables. However, the amount of information transmitted per unit time of fiber over other transmission media is its most significant advantage.
- High Speed
Due to fiber optics using light instead of electrons, fiber optic cables transmit data much faster than copper wires can do. Fiber optic connections can range from 5Mbps to 100Gbps. A fiber optic cable can also enable “symmetric speed,” which means the upload and download speeds are the same. As a result, you will not be restricted by a slow Internet connection.
- Low Power Loss
As an optical fiber has low power loss, it allows for longer transmission distances. Compared to copper, the longest recommended distance for copper is 100m, while it is 2km with thread.
It can also be run in electrically noisy areas without worry since fiber optic cables are immune to electromagnetic interference, and electrical noise will not affect their performance.
The cross-sectional area of a fiber optic cable is 30 times smaller than that of a copper cable. As a result, fiber optic cables have nearly 4.5 times as much capacity as copper cables.
Fiber cables are much thinner and lighter than metal wires. As a result, they also occupy less space with the same amount of capacity. In addition, the lighter weight makes fiber easier to install.
- High Signal Strength and Low Attenuation
The Internet signal degrades with broadband Internet or Copper as the user moves away from the central switch. Single mode Fiber cables have low attenuation or reduction of signal strength. Therefore, repeaters can be added every 50 km-100 km on Single mode Fiber, compared with every 5 km on copper cables.
Because of this, Internet speed, reliability, and access can maintain. Any ample space needs to have such a system to maintain Internet speed, reliability, and accessibility.
Since fibers do not emit electromagnetic energy, their emissions cannot be intercepted. Tapping a fiber requires great skill to do undetected; fiber is the most secure medium available for carrying sensitive data.
Copper and steel fibers of the same diameter do not possess the same tensile strength as optical fibers. However, it is flexible, bends easily, and resists most corrosive elements that attack copper cable.
Glass can be made more cheaply than copper because the raw materials are plentiful.
Fiber optic cable has both advantages and disadvantages, but in the long run, it will replace copper. In today’s networks, fiber optic cable has become more popular and is widely used. JXL communication, a leading fiber cable wholesale, offers all kinds of optical fiber cables at low prices and high quality.